INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION lix
discipline are required for adults before these new methods can be applied generally; children as a rule have no difficulties.
If we stop to reflect, however, it seems obvious that those who are trained in two-valued, macroscopic, 'objective', aristotelian orientations only, are thoroughly unable to have modern, electro-colloidal, sub-microscopic, infinite-valued, process orientations in life, which can be acquired only by training in non-aristotelian methods.
It is sad indeed to deal with even young scientists in the colloidal and quantum fields who, after taking off their aprons in the laboratory, relapse immediately into the two-valued, prevalent aristotelian orientations, thus ceasing to be scientific 1941. In many ways these scientists are worse off than the 'man on the street', because of the artificially accentuated split between their scientific and their life orientations. Although they work in an infinite-valued, non-aristotelian field, even they need special training to become conscious of how to apply their own scientific non-aristotelian methods to life problems.
Empirically the consequences of training in the new methods are astonishingly far-reaching. This is easily understood after reflection, because the integrating of the functions of the cortical and thalamic regions brings about better functioning of glands, organs, etc. Although general semantics is not a medical science, we can understand why the non-aristotelian extensional thalamocortical methods bring about a great deal of stabilization and even psychosomatic consequences, as the empirical results achieved by my psychiatric co-workers and myself indicate.
2. NEURO-SEMANTIC RELAXATION
The optimum working of the nervous system depends, among other things, on 'normal' blood pressure, which is predominantly a thalamic function, supplying the nervous system with necessary blood circulation. As both affective, or 'emotional', responses and blood pressure are neuro-logically closely connected, it is fundamental for 'emotional' balance to have 'normal' blood pressure, and vice versa.
In general semantics we utilize what I call 'neuro-semantic relaxation', which, as attested by physicians, usually brings about 'normal' blood pressure; that is, it lowers abnormally high pressure and raises abnormally low pressure, thus regulating the essential blood circulation, and so blood supply. The standards for 'normal' are given in statistical averages and are not accurate for the given individual, and at different times. These conditions and beneficial consequences are strictly empirical, and must be taken into account, regardless of the fact that the present scientific theories on this subject are not yet clear. It must be