SCIENCE AND SANITY - online book

An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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as were the corresponding older systems. The aristotelian and the non-aristotelian systems are the more general, the others being only special and technical consequences arising from them.
Both the aristotelian and the non-aristotelian systems affect our lives deeply, because of psycho-logical factors and the immediacy of their application. Each is the expression of the psycho-logical tendencies of its period. Each in its period must produce in the younger generations a psycho-logical background which makes the understanding of its appropriate disciplines 'natural' and simple. In an aristotelian human world the euclidean and newtonian systems are 'natural', while the youth educated in the non-aristotelian habits will find the non-euclidean and non-newtonian systems simpler, more 'natural', and the older systems 'unthinkable'.
The functioning of the human nervous system is a more generalized affair than that of the animal, with more possibilities. The latter is a special case of the former, but not vice versa. John Smith, through ignorance of the mechanism, may use his nervous system as a Fido; but Fido cannot copy Smith. Hence, the danger for Smith, but not for Fido. Fido has many of his own difficulties for survival, but, at least, he has no self-imposed conditions, mostly silly and harmful, such as Smith has ignorantly imposed on himself and others. The field covered by this enquiry is very wide and involves unexpectedly special suggestive contributions in diverse branches of science. To list a few for orientation:
1.  The formulation of General Semantics, resulting from a General Theory of Time-binding, supplies the scientists and the laymen with a general modern method of orientation, which eliminates the older psychological blockages and reveals the mechanisms of adjustment;
2.  The departure from aristotelianism will allow biologists, physiologists, etc., and particularly medical men to 'think' in modern colloidal and quantum terms, instead of the inadequate, antiquated chemical and physiological terms. Medicine may then become a science in the 1933 sense;
3.  In psychiatry it indicates on colloidal grounds the solution of the 'body-mind' problem;
4.  It shows clearly that desirable human characteristics have a definite psychophysiological mechanism which, up till now, has been misused, to the detriment of all of us;
5.  It gives the first definition of 'consciousness' in simpler physico-chemical terms;
6.  A general theory of sanity leads to a general theory of psychotherapy, including all such existing medical schools, as they all deal with