AIMS, MEANS AND CONSEQUENCES 17
The present investigation shows most emphatically that this is not the case. All sciences have progressed exclusively because they have succeeded in establishing their own A languages. For instance, a science of thermodynamics could not have been built on the terms of 'cold' and 'warm'. Another language, one of relations and structure, was needed; and, once this was produced, a science was born and progress secured. Could modern mathematics be built on the Roman notation for numbers - I, II, III, IV, V.? No, it could not. The simplest and most childlike arithmetic was so difficult as to require an expert; and all progress was very effectively hampered by the symbolism adopted. History shows that only since the unknown Hindu discovered the most revolutionary and modern principle of positional notation - 1, 10, 100, 1000., modern mathematics has become possible. Every child today is more skilful in his arithmetics than the experts of those days. Incidentally, let us notice that positional notation has a definite structure.
Have we ever attempted anything similar in the study of man? As-a-whole? In all his activities? Again, most emphatically, No! We have never studied man-as-a-whole scientifically. If we make an attempt, such as the present one, for instance, we discover the astonishing, yet simple, fact that, even now, we all copy animals in our nervous responses, although these can be brought to the human level if the difference in the mechanism of responses is discovered and formulated.
Once this is understood, we must face another necessity. To abolish the discrepancy between the advancement of science and the power of adjustment of man, we must first establish the science of man-as-a-whole, embracing all his activities, science, mathematics and 'mental' ills not excluded. Such an analysis would help us to discover the above-mentioned difference in responses, and the s.r in man would acquire new significance.
If the present work has accomplished nothing more than to suggest such possibilities, I am satisfied. Others, I hope, will succeed where I may have failed. Under such conditions, the only feasible resort is to produce a science of man, and thus have not less, but more, science, ultimately covering all fields of human endeavour, and thereby putting a stop to the animalistic nervous reactions, so vicious in their effects on man.
At present, nowhere in the world are there such psychophysiological researches being made. There are large sums of money invested in different well-established institutions for scientific research, for 'mental' hygiene, for international peace, and so forth, but not for what is possibly the most important of all lines of research; namely, a general