TERMINOLOGY AND MEANINGS 31
aspects - a disregard which otherwise would be implied by the use of the old terms.
The term psycho-logical will always be used either with a hyphen to indicate its non-el character, or in quotation marks, without a hyphen, when we refer to the old elementalism. Similarly, with the terms psycho-logics, psycho-logicians, for 'psychology' and 'pyschologist'. The terms 'mental ills', 'mental hygiene' are unfortunate ones, since they are used by the majority as el. Psychiatrists, it is true, use them in the organism-as-a-whole sense to include 'emotions'. Because of the great semantic influence of the structure of language on the masses of mankind, leading, as it does, through lack of better understanding and evaluation to speculation on terms, it seems advisable to abandon completely terms which imply to the many the suggested elementalism, although these terms are used in a proper non-el way by the few.
If specialists, to satisfy their s.r, disregard these issues and persist in the use of el terms, or use such expressions as 'man is an animal' and the like, they misunderstand the importance of semantic factors. Through lack of appreciation or of proper evaluation of the problems involved, they artificially and most effectively prevent the rest of us from following their work without being led astray by the inappropriate structure of their language. The harm done through such practices is quite serious, and, at present, mostly disregarded. For this reason, I either use quotation marks on the terms 'mental', 'mental' ills, 'mental' hygiene., or else I use the terms psycho-logical, semantic ills, psycho-logical or semantic hygiene,. The above two terms are not only non-el but also have an important advantage of being international. The terms 'affects', 'affective' are little used outside of scientific literature, where they are used mostly in the non-el ordinal sense. I use them in a similar way, without quotation marks.
All the issues involved in the present work are, of necessity, interconnected. Thus, order leads to relations, relations to structure, and these, in turn, to non-el meanings and evaluations, which are the fundamental factors of all psycho-logical states and responses, called more specifically semantic reactions, states, and reflexes. The reader should be careful to remain at all times aware of these connections and implications. Whenever we find order, or relations, or structure, in the outside world, or in our nervous system, these terms, because of their non-el character, imply similar order, relations, and structure in our psychological processes, thus establishing meanings, proper evaluations., ultimately leading toward appropriate s.r. The reverse applies also. When-