TERMINOLOGY AND MEANINGS 33
of a new structure has led to new results, which, in turn, directly affect our s.r.
An important point should be stressed; namely, that the issues are fundamentally simple, because they are similar in structure to the structure of human 'knowledge' and to the nervous structure on which so-called 'human nature' depends. Because of this similarity, it is unconditionally necessary to become fully acquainted with the new terms of new structure, and to use them habitually. Only then will the beneficial results follow. All languages have some structure; and so all languages involve automatically the, of necessity, interconnected s.r. Any one who tries to translate the new language into the old while 'thinking' in the older terms is confronted with an inherent neurological difficulty and involves himself in a hopeless confusion of his own doing. The reader must be warned against making this mistake.
In the present work, I have tried to realize fully my duties toward my reader; and I am certain that the reader who will read the book diligently and repeatedly will be repaid for his labours. The realization that some problems do exist, even if we do not fully appreciate or understand them, has very serious semantic influence on all of us. Realizing my responsibilities toward the reader, I have not spared difficult labour in order to bring these semantic facts to his attention. I seriously suggest that no reader ought to disregard Parts VIII, IX, and X, but that he should become at least acquainted with the existence of the problems there discussed. If this is conscientiously done, many beneficial s.r will appear sooner or later.
The present system is an interconnected whole: the beginning implies the end, and the end implies the beginning. Because of this characteristic, the book should be read at least twice, and preferably oftener. I wish positively to discourage any reader who intend," to give it merely a superficial reading.
The problems of s.r have not, so far, been analysed at all from the point of view of structure, and the present enquiry is, as far as my knowledge goes, the first in existence. The problems of meanings are vast, extremely important, and very little analysed. The interested reader will find some material in the excellent critical review of the problems of meanings in Ogden's and Richards' The Meaning of Meaning, in some parts of Baldwin's Thought and Things or Genetic Logic, and in Lady Welby's article in the Encyclopaedia Britannica on Signifies. In these three studies, a partial literature of the subject is given.
The present work involves issues taken from many and diverse branches of knowledge which have not hitherto been seen to be connected