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An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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44
I. PRELIMINARIES
in a way, partially specialize in many branches of science which were never connected before. The progress was extremely slow; in fact, it has taken ten years to write this book, but I had to go through the necessary preliminaries or abandon the whole enterprise.
Now I present the results of this work to the public. It is the best I can do, although I fully realize its limitations and imperfections. The unexpected drama of such an enterprise is found, in that a ^-system, like its predecessor, involves full-fledged structural metaphysics of some sort, to be explained later.
The A -system involved primitive structural metaphysics; a ^-system, to be of any semantic value at all, must start with the structural metaphysics or structural assumptions as given by science 1933. The first step in building such a system is to study science 1933 and mathematics, and so to know these structural data (and assumptions where we lack data). Such a study is very laborious, slow, and even ungrateful, because the issues with which we are concerned are structural. Thus, years of patient and sometimes painful labour often result merely in a very few and brief, but important, sentences.
The active, and only very lately relaxed, persecution of those scholars who dared to attempt the revision of Aristotle has been very effective in keeping the primitive s.r. There are in this field practically no important works of a critical character, and this fact, naturally, made my own work more difficult.
It appears that, during the last few years, most of the physiological functions of the human organism have been investigated, with the exception of psychophysiological semantic reactions and their disturbances from the present point of view.
The study of aphasia is rather recent, and that of semantic aphasia still more so. Only since the World War has much new knowledge been accumulated in this field. With the 1933 scientific outlook, macroscopic structure becomes a function of the sub-microscopic dynamic structure, and the considerations of colloidal structure and disturbances become extremely important. We must, therefore, enlarge the study of semantic aphasia as connected with macroscopic lesions, to include semantic phasic (not only a-phasic) sub-microscopic functional disturbances connected with order, natural survival order and its pathological reversal, the disturbances of the multiordinal semantic reactions.
It is known that 'mental' ills or difficulties often disturb physiological functions of the human organism, and vice versa. Something similar appears to be true about the last and little-investigated s.r. In this case, more and special difficulties arise, because of the fact that