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An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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INTRODUCTION
45
these particular reactions are strictly connected with different 'emotional' or affective responses, which are due to the knowledge (or lack of knowledge) of their mechanism. They are circular, as all functions connected with knowledge are. This difficulty is very serious and closely connected with the structure of language, disclosing also a niost important fact, that languages may have structure. This subject could not have been even suggested by the ^-system; nor could it have been analysed by A means.
The most encouraging feature of this work is the fact that it is experimental, and that in cases where it has been applied, it worked remarkably well. It appears that all desirable human characteristics, high 'mentality' included, have a definite psychophysiological mechanism, easily understood and easily trained. One should not expect this training to be more quickly acquired than the mastering of spelling, or driving a car, or typewriting. Practice shows that it requires approximately as much diligence and persistence as learning to spell or to typewrite. The results accomplished in the field of 'mental' health, widened horizons, and unlimited possibilities for personal and public adjustment, justify so small a price. This applies to adults, but in a different way is true for children. From an educational point of view, it is as simple or as complex to train children in the improper use of an important physiological function, such as language, as to train them in the proper use of the nervous system and appropriate s.r. In fact, the new is simpler and easier, if we start with it, because it is in accordance with 'human nature'. In theory, it plays a most important role in the prevention of many future eventual break-downs, which the old misuse of the function was certain to involve.
The problems of a y?-system are, to the best of my knowledge, novel. They are of two kinds: (1) scientific, leading to a theoretical, general structural revision of all systems, and (2) purely practical, such as can be grasped and applied by any individual who will spend the time and effort necessary to master this system and acquire the corresponding s.r.
The results are far-reaching. They help any individual to solve his problems by himself, to his own and others' satisfaction. They also build up an affective semantic foundation for personal as well as for national and international agreement and adjustment.
Some of the results are quite unexpected. For instance, it is shown that the older systems, with their linguistic methods of handling our nervous system, led inevitably to 'universal disagreement'. In individual life this led to pathological conflicts with ourselves; in private life, to