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An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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CHAPTER VI
ON SYMBOLISM
Philosophers have worried themselves about remote consequences, and the inductive formulations of science. They should confine attention to the rush of immediate transition. Their explanations would then be seen in their native absurdity. (578)                                          a. n. whitehead
It is often said experiments must be made without a preconceived idea. That is impossible. Not only would it make all experiment barren, but that would be attempted which could not be done. Every one carries in his mind his own conception of the world, of which he can not so easily rid himself. We must, for instance, use language; and our language is made up only of preconceived ideas and can not be otherwise. Only these are unconscious preconceived ideas, a thousand times more dangerous than the others.
(417)                                                                                                                 H. POINCARE
. . . the patriotic archbishop of Canterbury, found it advisable - ' "
"Found what?" said the Duck.
"Found it," the Mouse replied, rather crossly: "of course you know what 'it' means."
"I know what 'it' means well enough, when / find a thing," said the Duck: "it's generally a frog, or a worm."*                          lewis carroll
. . . psychiatry works specifically on the social organ of man itself - the person's assets and behavior, that which we must adjust before we can expect the individual to make proper use of most of our help.**
ADOLF MEYER
Perhaps, as has often been said, the trouble with people is not so much with their ignorance as it is with their knowing so many things that are not so. ... So that it is always important to find out about these fears, and if they are based upon the knowledge of something that is not so, they may perhaps be corrected. (568)                                       william a. white
The affairs of man are conducted by our own, man-made rules and according to man-made theories. Man's achievements rest upon the use of symbols. For this reason, we must consider ourselves as a symbolic, semantic class of life, and those who rule the symbols, rule us. Now, the term 'symbol' applies to a variety of things, words and money included. A piece of paper, called a dollar or a pound, has very little value if the other fellow refuses to take it; so we see that money must be considered as a symbol for human agreement, as well as deeds to property, stocks, bonds,. The reality behind the money-symbol is doctrinal, 'mental', and one of the most precious characteristics of mankind. But it must be used properly; that is, with the proper understanding of
*Alice in Wonderland. ♦♦Historical Sketch and Outlook of Psychiatric Social Work. Host. Soc. Sen. V, 1922. 221.
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