GENERAL EPISTEMOLOGICA 105
alized hate., facts which are observed daily in ordinary life and in asylums. From the point of view of the theory of Child, the nervous system appears not only as a structuralized conducting gradient, but it also explains how specific conducting tissues could have evolved from non-specific living protoplasm. It is important to notice the dominance which the primary region of excitation exerts over the others, since, with the great complexities of the human brain, we understand better why so-called 'mental' and semantic issues, which are phylogenetically the youngest, are of such importance.
In our daily life we deal with different people, some of whom are seriously ill 'mentally' and who, under favorable conditions, would be under medical attendance. The majority of us - some specialists consider it to run even as high as ninety per cent of the whole population - would be better off if taken care of by some psychiatrist, or, at least, if under consultation from time to time.
Owing to old religious prejudices, often unconscious, it is still believed that those 'mentally' ill are either obsessed by 'demons' or are being punished for some 'evil',. The majority even of enlightened people have a kind of semantic horror or fright at 'mental' ills, not realizing that under the animalistic conditions which prevail at present in our theories, 'ethical', social, economic., those only with the least human traits are favored, while those most human cannot stand such animalistic conditions and often break down. It is not a novelty that a moron cannot be 'insane'. A moron lacks something; only the more gifted individuals, the more human (as Compared with animals), break down. I know of many psychiatrists who say that 'it takes a "good mind" to be "insane" '.
Now, 'mental' and semantic excitation, which phylogenetically appeared so recently, naturally plays, in many instances, a dominant part, a fact which science, until very lately, has completely disregarded. The present theory makes it quite obvious that with animalistic theories in existence, and un-sanity (lack of consciousness of abstracting, confusion of orders of abstractions resulting from identifications.,) practically universally operating in every one of us, a seriously unbalanced race must be produced.
There can be no doubt that the consistent application of a non-el language in the analysis of animal behaviour has suggested new experiments and that, as a result, the use of such terms had its influence on laboratory workers. It does not matter to what extent these terms, or the theories which they represented, were 'right' or 'wrong', they were terms of the non-el type, and they expressed in one term entirely struc-