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An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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can, with impunity, introduce into the circulation otherwise fatal doses of epileptic serum. Epileptic serum can also be made immune by filtration, or by strong centrifugation, or by long standing, which frees it from colloidal precipitates.15
Death through blood transfusion or the injection of any colloid into the circulation has also, in the main,- similar symptoms, regardless of the chemical character of the colloid, indicating once more the importance and fundamental character of structure.16
That illnesses are somehow connected with colloidal disturbances (note the wording of this statement) becomes quite obvious when we consider catarrhal diseases, inflammations, swellings, tumours, cancer, blood thrombi., which involve colloidal injuries, resulting in extreme cases in complete coagulation or fluidification, the variation between 'gel' and 'sol' appearing in a most diversified manner.17 Other illnesses are connected with precipitation or deposits of various materials. Gout, for instance, results from a morbid deposit of uric acid, and different concretions, such as the 'stones', are very often found in different fluids of the organism. We have, thus, concretions in the intestines, the bile, the urine, the pancreas, the salivary glands; lime deposits in old softened tissues, 'rice bodies' in the joints, 'brain sand', .1S
In bacterial diseases, the micro-organisms rapidly produce acids and bases which tend to destroy the colloidal equilibrium. Lately, it has been found that even tuberculosis is more than a mere chapter in bacteriology. All the main tubercular symptoms can be reproduced, experimentally, by means of colloidal disturbances without the intervention of a single bacterium.19 This would explain also why, in some instances, psychotherapy is effective in diseases with tubercular symptoms.20
By structural necessity, every expression of cellular activity involves some sort of colloidal behaviour; and any factor disturbing the colloidal structure must be disturbing to the welfare of the organism. Vice versa, a factor which is beneficial to the organism must reach and affect the colloids.
After this brief account of the structural peculiarities of the domain in which life is found, we can understand the baffling 'body-mind' problem. We do not yet know as many details as we could wish, but these will accumulate the moment a general solution is clearly formulated. It is a well-established experimental fact that all nervous and 'mental' activities are connected with, or actually generate, electrical currents, which of late are scrupulously studied by the aid of an instrument called the psychogalvanometer.21 It is not suggested that electrical currents are the only ones which are involved. There may be many different forms