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An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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less, but more the kinesthetic 'senses' by which muscular movements are appreciated, and so 'space' and 'time' have different neurological backgrounds. 'Time' seemingly represents a general characteristic of all nervous tissue (and, perhaps, living tissue in general) connected with summarizing or integrating. What we have to deal with in this world and in ourselves appears as periods and periodicity, pulsations,. We are made up of very long chains of atomic pulsating clocks, on the sub-microscopic level. On the macroscopic level, we have also to deal with periodic occurrences, of hunger, sleep, breathing, heart-beats,. We know already that, beyond some limits, discontinuous timey, when rapid enough, are blended into continuous feelings of pressure, or warmth, or light,. On objective levels we deal with timer, and we feel 'time', when the timer are rapid enough.
Again, the moving pictures are a good illustration. The normal moving-picture film shows sixteen pictures a second. The film gives us static pictures with finite differences. When we put it on the projector, the differences vanish. Our nervous system has summarized and integrated them, and we see 'continuous motion'. If pictures are taken at the rate of eight a second and then run on the normal projector for the speed of sixteen a second, we summarize and integrate again, but we see a fast moving picture, If the pictures are taken at the rate of 128 exposures a second and run on the normal projector of sixteen pictures to a second, we have what is called a slow moving picture. It should be noticed that the order of the semantic rhythmic processes is fourfold; it involves order not only in 'space' (three dimensions) but in 'time' also. Periods of contraction alternate with periods of rest, and this occurs at nearly regular intervals.
This rhythmic tendency is, indeed, so fundamental and so inherent in living tissue that we can, at pleasure, make voluntary muscles; for example, exhibit artificially induced rhythmic contractions by immersing them in special saline solutions, as, for instance, a solution of sodium chloride. We should also not wonder why modern science assumes that life may have originated in the sea. The physico-chemical conditions of saline solutions are such that they favour rhythmic processes; they not only may originate them, but may also keep them up, and life seemingly is very closely connected with autonomous rhythmic processes.
Such rhythmic processes are felt on lower orders of abstraction as 'continuous time', probably because of the rapidity and overlapping of periods. On higher order abstractions, when structurally proper linguistic and extra-neural means are developed, they appear as timey.