270 V. MATHEMATICS A A LANGUAGE
environment - a factor which does not exist to any such extent in the animal world.
We often speak about the influence of heredity, but much less do we analyse what influence environment, and particularly the verbal environment, has upon us. Not only are all doctrines verbal, but the structure of an old language reflects the structural metaphysics of bygone generations, which affect the s.r. The vicious circle is complete. Primitive mythology shaped the structure of language. In it we have discussed and argued our institutions, systems., and so again the primitive structural assumptions or mythologies influenced them. It should not be forgotten that the affective interplay, interaction, interchange is ever present in human life, excepting, perhaps, in severe and comparatively rare (not in all countries) 'mental' ills. We can stop talking, we can stop reading or writing, and stop any 'intellectual' interplay and interaction between individuals, but we cannot stop or entirely abolish some s.r.
A structural linguistic readjustment will, it is true, result in making the majority of our old doctrines untenable, leading also to a fundamental scientific revision of new doctrines and systems, affecting all of them and our s.r in a constructive way. It is incorrect, for instance, to use the terms 'capitalism' as opposed to 'socialism', as these terms apply to different non-directly comparable aspects of the human problem. If we wish to use a term emphasizing the symbolic character of human relations, we can use the term 'capitalism', and then we can contrast directly individual, group, national, international., capitalisms. If we want to emphasize the psycho-logical aspects, we can speak of individualism versus socialism,. Obviously, in life the issues overlap, but the verbal implications remain, preventing clarity and inducing inappropriate s.r in any discussion.
In vernacular terms, there is at present a 'struggle' and 'competition' between two entirely different 'industrialisms' and two different 'commercialisms', based ultimately on two different forms of 'capitalism'. One is the 'individual capitalism', rapidly being transformed into 'group capitalism', in the main advanced theoretically to its limits in the United States of America and to a lesser extent in the rest of the civilized world, and 'social capitalism', proclaimed in the United Socialistic Soviet Republics. Both these extreme tendencies, connected also with semantic disturbances, are due to a verbal or doctrinal 'declaration of independence' of two, until lately, much isolated countries. The United States of America proclaimed the doctrine that man is 'free and independent', while, in fact, he is not free, but is inherently interdependent. The Soviets accepted uncritically an unrevised antiquated doctrine of the