MATHEMATICS AND THE NERVOUS SYSTEMS 271
'dictatorship of the proletarians'. In practice, this would mean the dictatorship of unenlightened masses, which, if left actually to their creeds, and deprived of the brain-work of scientists and leaders, would revert to primitive forms of animal life. Obviously, these two extreme creeds violate every typically human characteristic. We are interdependent, time-binders, and we are interdependent because we possess the higher nervous centres, which complexity animals do not possess. Without these higher centres, we could not be human at all; both countries seem to disregard this fact, as in both the brain-work is exploited, yet the brain-workers are not properly evaluated. The ignorant mob, with its historically and psycho-logically cultivated animalistic s.r, retards human progress and agreement. Leaders do not lead, but the majority play down to the mob psycho-logics, in fear of their heads or stomachs.
In both countries, the s.r are such that brain-work, although commercially exploited, is not properly evaluated, and is still persecuted here and there. For instance, in the United States of America, we witness court trials and resolutions against the work of Darwin, in spite of the fact that without some theory of evolution most of the natural sciences, medicine included, would be impossible. In Russia, we find decrees against researches in pure science, without which modern science is impossible. Both countries seemingly forget that all 'material' progress among humans is due uniquely to the brain-work of a few mostly underpaid and overworked workers, who exercise properly their higher nervous centres. With science getting hold of problems of s.r and sanity, our human relations and individual happiness will also become the subject matter of scientific enquiry. If international and interdependent brain-workers produce discoveries and inventions, any one, even of the lowest development, can use or misuse their achievements, no matter what 'plan', or 'no-plan', is adopted. Both countries seem at present not to understand that a great development of mechanical means and the application of scientific achievements exclusively for animal comfort fail to lead to greater happiness or higher culture, and that, perhaps, indeed, they lead in just the opposite direction. Personally, I have no doubt that some day they will understand it; but an earlier understanding of this simple semantic fact would have saved, in the meantime, a great deal of suffering, bewilderment, and other semantic difficulties to a great number of people, if the rulers in both countries would be enlightened enough and could have foreseen it soon enough.
The future will witness a struggle between the individual and group capitalism, as exemplified in the United States of America, and the collective or social capitalism, as exemplified in the Soviet Republics. It does