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An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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he might say will also be a verbal statement of a given date, made mostly without any structural considerations, and based mostly upon the reversed survival order, confusion of orders of abstractions and other semantic disturbances. As the world, both outside and inside our skins, is invariably found to exhibit a fourfold space-time order, it is inevitable that this order should be structurally impressed on the nervous system, establishing a natural survival order. Therefore, changes in this order on the macroscopic level, the level of outward events, must have direct inward sub-microscopic effects, disturbing or restoring the nervous equilibrium. This statement may appear innocent; it is not; it has a vital human significance, as it involves standards of evaluation. In short, it means that, in the actual application of the consideration of order in education and training on the daily-life levels, we can affect the evasive (as yet) microscopic and sub-microscopic structural levels of the human nervous system, thus directly affecting our s.r and behaviour.
To make this clearer, let us recall some of the neurological researches of Bolton (as quoted by Herrick). The cortex has different layers, characterized by the difference in the number, size, shape, internal structure, and density of neural cells. Bolton's third layer of granules divides the cortex into two types of layers. Those closer to the base of the brain, or below the third, are called the infragranular; those above, the supra-
granular, layers.
The lower mammals show a well-developed infragranular cortex, and a very poorly organized supragranular cortex, the latter increasing in relative size and complexity as we ascend the animal series. On the human level, we find a most important, and usually disregarded, fact - that the human nervous system is not completed at birth, but develops structurally years after birth.
The above explains why animalistic theories and methods, primitive-made languages of wrong structure, and similar relics, result in training the s.r of our children in the patho-
Diagrams of the relative thickness of the supragranular, granular, and infragranular cerebral cortex in the six-months foetus, the new-born child, the normal human adult, and the adult mole. The granular layer is dotted. (Redrawn from G. A. Watson (1907), and adopted from Herrick.1)