SCIENCE AND SANITY - online book

An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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322
VI. ON PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
logical means by which we can effectively train and help the development of nervous cells and supragranular layers - or, at least, not hinder their natural development. On the macroscopic levels, this beneficial training consists in forming habits of proper evaluation through the natural survival order. The effect of this on the sub-microscopic level is neural, colloidal, and structural, a result which, by the older methods, could not be reached, either with ease or with effectiveness.
Although these conclusions are necessary, it is impossible directly *d verify them empirically, because we should have to dissect the brain of a given person before, and during, the training. In this case, as in many others, we have to observe 'human nature' and semantic responses to stimuli of a given individual before and after the training; and, on the foundation of what we know of the development of the nervous system in animals, infants, 'mentally' defective and well-developed adults, build our eventual conclusion as preliminary hypotheses for further structural testing, improvement, and empirical verification.
To realize fully the importance and necessity of this conclusion, we must first understand that, in accordance with the modern discoveries of mathematics, physics, chemistry, colloidal chemistry, and other branches of science, all 'function' depends on structure, because the unit-brick of structure represents a dynamic unit of a quantum of action. In the remarks which follow, it is impossible to be as full and precise as I should like to be, because to be able to do so would be equivalent to being able to solve all scientific problems; yet the reader should realize that the considerations of structure will become extremely creative and helpful as long as we recognize a quantum of action, or any other dynamic unit.
We may recall that the characteristics of molecules are due to atomic structure, and that the characteristics of atoms are due to electronic structure. The latest quantum theories also seem to find that the characteristics of electrons are an outgrowth of structure; and, if the suggestions of Dirac are verified, even the difference between positive and negative electricity is structural. Even at present it appears that 'structure' is not only a term fit to handle and explain, but that it has an objective counterpart, allowing a similarity of structure, and, therefore, making the understanding of this world possible.
This last very important semantic point is based on the fact that relations of similar structure have similar 'logical' characteristics, and that, therefore, in structure we find means by which the events can always be made intelligible to us, and so properly evaluated.
Experience - my own, as well as that drawn from scientific literature - impresses me with the fact that we very seldom realize that our