SCIENCE AND SANITY - online book

An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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344
VI. ON PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
mechanism of conditionally of lower orders, but becomes the main factor in establishing the degrees of conditionally of higher orders. Obviously, the reactions become very labile, the adjustment to conditions very subtle, allowing the organism to survive under the most complex conditions, such as are found in highly 'civilized' life.
This mechanism is responsible not only for human intelligence, but also for all that is constructive in so-called 'civilization'. Vice versay for survival in such complex civilization, one must possess these fully con* ditional reactions. At this point, it will suffice to mention that in organisms below humans, 'inhibition', which underlies the mechanism of conditionality of reactions, plays a most important biological and survival role, while on the human level it is the foundation on which all human s.r, 'intelligence', and desirable human characteristics are built. The present theory introduces methods to make the application of the above considerations possible in daily life.
All possible analysis depends not only on definitions of terms but also on undefined terms, which, outside of mathematics, have seldom, if ever, been investigated, thus making the structural assumptions which they introduce unconscious. In definitions, we also usually posit structure, though we seldom realize this fact. When we approach the experimental side of science, which is the search for empirical structure, the implications involved consciously or unconsciously in the defined and undefined terms play a very important role, and they direct, to a large extent, our efforts and ingenuity. This is why we still have so few genuinely creative scientists, although since the psycho-logically and semantically liberating work of Einstein, the number of creative physicists of the younger generation has increased surprisingly. Yet the majority of scientists do not realize to what extent their s.r are influenced by the terms they use and what enormous help and creative freedom they would have from being conscious of the role the structure of language plays.
' With this realization, before we begin the constructive analysis of such an important term as 'inhibition', we must state clearly what the general biological presuppositions which underlie such an analysis are.
The present work is a ^-system, structurally very different from the older systems, which attempts to build a verbal system of similar structure to the empirical structures, as given by science 1933. The older systems had also a structure similar to the very limited knowledge of empirical structure which our primitive ancestors had. Hence, animism, anthropomorphism, 'psychologism', and the rest, and the per-