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An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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ON THE STRUCTURAL DIFFERENTIAL.             403
spcakable feelings themselves,. By confusing descriptions with inferences and descriptive words with inferential words, the 'judgements','opinions', 'beliefs', and similar s.r, which represent mostly, if not exclusively, inferential semantic end-products, are projected with varying pathological intensity on the outside world. By this method pre-'logical' primitive semantic attitudes were built. Mere similarities were evaluated as identities, primitive syllogisms were built of the type: 'stags run fast, some Indians run fast, some Indians are stags'. It is common to find among primitive peoples a kind of 'logic' based on the post hoc, ergo propter hoc (after this and, therefore, because of this) fallacy which obviously represents an identification of an ordinal description with an inference. The 'question begging epithets', which exercise a tremendous semantic influence on primitive and immature peoples and represent a semantic factor in many primitive as well as modern taboos, are also based on such confusions of orders of abstractions.
Identification is one of the primitive characteristics which cannot be eliminated from the animal or the infant, because we have no means to communicate with them properly. It cannot be eliminated from primitive peoples as long as they preserve their languages and environments. Identification is extremely wide-spread among ourselves, embodied strongly in the structure of our inherited language and systems. To change that primitive state of affairs, we need special simple means, such as a -system may offer, to combat effectively this serious menace to our s.r. It should never be forgotten that identification is practically never dangerous in the animal world, because unaided nature plays no tricks on animals and the elimination by non-survival is very sharp. It is dangerous in the primitive stage of man, however, as it prevents the primitive man to become more civilized, but under his primitive conditions of life his dangers are not so acute. It becomes only very dangerous to the infant if not taken care of, and to the modern white man in the midst of a very far advanced industrial system which affects all phases of his life, when his s.r are left unchanged from the ages gone by, and still remain on the infantile level.
The present -system is not only based on the complete rejection of the 'is' of identity, but every important term which has been introduced here, as well as the Structural Differential, is aimed at the elimination of these relics of the animal, the primitive man, and the infant in us.
Thus, the primitive 'mentality' does not differentiate relations enough; to counteract this, I introduce the Structural Differential. The primitive identifies; I introduce a system based on the denial of the 'is' of identity all through. The primitive man pays most attention to what