SCIENCE AND SANITY - online book

An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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is conveyed to him through the eye and the ear; I introduce the Structural Differential which indicates to the eye the stratification of human knowledge, which represents to the eye the verbal denial of the 'is' of identity. If we identify, we do not differentiate. If we differentiate, we cannot identify; hence, the Structural Differential.
The terms used also convey similar processes. Once we have order, we differentiate and have orders of abstractions. Once we abstract, we eliminate 'allness', the semantic foundation for identification. Once we abstract, we abstract in different orders, and so we order, abolishing fanciful infinities. Once we differentiate, differentiation becomes the denial of identity. Once we discriminate between the objective and verbal levels, we learn 'silence' on the un-speak-able objective levels, and so introduce a most beneficial neurological 'delay' - engage the cortex to perform its natural function. Once we discriminate between the objective and verbal levels, structure becomes the only link between the two worlds. This results in search for similarity of structure and relations, which introduces the aggregate feeling, and the individual becomes a social being. Once we differentiate, we discriminate between descriptions and inferences. Once we discriminate, we consider descriptions separately and so are led to observe the facts, and only from description of facts do we tentatively form inferences ,. Finally, the consciousness of abstracting introduces the general and permanent differentiation between orders of abstractions, introduces the ordering, and so stratifications, and abolishes for good the primitive or infantile identifications. The semantic passing from the primitive man or infantile state to the adult period becomes a semantic, accomplished fact. It should be noticed that these results are accomplished by starting with primitive means, the use of the simplest terms, such as 'this is not this', and by the direct appeal to the primitive main receptors - the eye and the ear.
The elimination of the 'is' of identity appears as a serious task, because the ,4-system and 'logic' by which we regulate our lives, and the influence of which has been eliminated only partially from science, represent only a very scholarly formulation of the restricted primitive identification. Thus, we usually assume, following A disciplines, that the 'is' of identity is fundamental for the 'laws of thought', which have been formulated as follows:
1)   The Law of Identity: whatever is, is.
2)   The Law of Contradiction: nothing can both be and not be.
3)   The Law of Excluded Middle: everything must either be or not be.