SCIENCE AND SANITY - online book

An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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delusional values, adjustment becomes very difficult, particularly under modern complex life-conditions.
The above example indicates the degrees of intensity which we find in life in the reversal of the natural order of evaluation through identification, produced by, and resulting in, the lack of consciousness of abstracting. Un-sanity, which affects practically all of us, represents the reversal of lesser intensity; the reversal of greater intensitythe more advanced 'mental' ills.
We should realize that experimentally we find in this field a fundamental difference in value, which, on semantic levels, can be expressed as an asymmetrical relation of 'more* or 'less', establishing some natural order. If any one should claim a natural 'identity', the burden of proof falls on him. If 'absolute sameness in all respects' cannot be found in this world, then such a notion appears as false to facts, and becomes a structural falsification, preventing sanity and adjustment. If he accepts the fundamental, natural differences in value, but prefers to assume a different order of evaluation depending on his metaphysics, be it the elementalistic materialism, or equally elementalistic idealism, the semantic results are not changed, because identification in the second case would also ascribe delusional identity to essentially different orders of abstractions. It should be noticed that the formulation applies equally to the older different, opposite doctrines and renders them illegitimate on similar grounds.
The status of the event, or the scientific object, is slightly more complex, because the event is described at each date by very reliable, constantly revised and tested, hypothetical, structural, inferential terms, exhibiting the peculiar circularity of human knowledge. If we should treat these inferential structures, not as hypothetical, but should identify them semantically with the eventual processes on the level of the sub-microscopic event, we would have semantic disturbances of identification.
I have selected the above given order, not only for convenience and simplicity, but because of its experimental character. When we identify in values, we always exhibit in our s.r the reversed natural order, introduced here on space-time structural and evaluational grounds.
The above analysis represents a very rough outline, but is sufficient for my purpose. Any attentive and informed reader can carry it further us far as desired. The main point appears that different orders of abstractions exhibit different characteristics, and so any identification of entities essentially different in one or more aspects must introduce delusional semantic factors. I speak mostly about evaluation, because evaluation appears experimentally as an essential factor in all s.r and can be