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An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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to the label (L), again we did not abstract 'all' the characteristics of the object into the definition; but some characteristics were left out, as indicated by the lines (B"). In other words, the number of characteristics
which we ascribe to the
j^^-~,****;i,^*,W:^,**,a^,M,^,T^5^ label, by some process of
'knowing', or 'wanting', or 'needing', or 'interest'., does not cover the number of characteristics the object has. The 'object' has more characteristics than we can include in the explicit or implicit definition of the label for the 'object'. Besides, the definition (implicit or explicit) of the 'object' is not the object itself, which always holds many surprises for us. The latter has the 'individuality of the object', as we may call it. Every one who uses a car, or a gun, or a typewriter, or who has had a number of wives, or husbands, or children, knows that well. In spite of the fact that these objects are, to a large extent, standardized, every individual object has indi
vidual peculiarities. With
Fig. 1 The Structural Differential
modern methods of physi-
cal, chemical, and astronomical investigation, scientists find that even their special materials and equipments have also peculiar individualities which must be taken into account in the more refined researches.
If we take any ordinary object and expect to find such and such characteristics, ascribed to the objects by definition, we may be disappointed. As a rule, we find or can find, if our analysis is subtle enough, these peculiar individualities. The reader can easily convince himself