CONSCIOUSNESS OF ABSTRACTING 423
semantic identification or confusions of the orders of abstractions, the evaluation of lower orders of abstraction as higher, or higher as lower. It was explained already that some components of identification are invariably present there, and so identification may be considered as an elementary type of semantic disturbances from which all the other states differ only in intensity.
The main point is to find psychophysiological preventive means whereby this identification can be forestalled or eliminated. To date, experience and analysis show that all forms of identification may be successfully eliminated by training in visualization, if this semantic state can be produced. For this purpose the Structural Differential is uniquely useful and necessary. With its help we train all centres. The lower centres are involved, as we see, feel, hear.; the higher centres are equally involved, as we 'remember', 'understand'.; with the result that all centres work together without conflict. The 'consciousness of abstracting' is inculcated, replacing vicious s.r of confusion of orders of abstractions and identification.
This harmonious working of all centres on their proper levels has extremely far-reaching, practical consequences in 'mental' and physical hygiene. We become co-ordinated, adjusted, and difficulties which might otherwise occur in the future are eliminated in a preventive way. It must be remembered that, at present, it is impossible to foresee to how great an extent the elimination of identification on all levels will have a beneficial effect. At this stage we know even experimentally that the benefits are very large, but we may expect that they will become still more numerous when more experimenting has been done. Delusions, illusions, and hallucinations represent manifestations which occur in practically all 'mental' difficulties, and they only represent a semantic identification of orders of abstractions of different degrees of intensity. When this confusion is eliminated, we may expect general changes in the symptoms. But as the correspondence is probably not one-to-one, it is impossible to foretell theoretically what improvements may be expected in pronounced illness. In the slighter disturbances, which affect us in daily life, the results are much easier to foresee, and are always beneficial.
To how great an extent the consciousness of abstracting benefits semantically the whole organism, I may illustrate by one of my own experiences. Once I was travelling on a ship. A gentleman visited my cabin, and, seeing the Structural Differential, asked questions about it. After a short explanation, he asked about practical applications.
My guest was sitting on my berth; I was sitting on a small folding chair. I got up, went to the door, then pretended that I was coming in,