ON THE MECHANISM OF IDENTIFICATION AND VISUALIZATION
"Did you say 'pig,' or 'fig'?" said the Cat.
"I said 'pig'," replied Alice; "and I wish you wouldn't keep appearing and vanishing so suddenly: you make one quite giddy!"
"All right," said the Cat; and this time it vanished quite slowly, beginning with the end of the tail, and ending with the grin, which remained some time after the rest of it had gone.
"Well! I've often seen a cat without a grin," thought Alice; "but a grin without a cat! It's the most curious thing I ever saw in all my life!"*
The significance of the_ paradoxical phase is not limited to pathological states such as those previously observed, and it is highly probable that it plays an important part in normal men too, who often are apt to be much more influenced by words than by the actual facts of the surrounding reality. (394) I. p. pavlov
In the case of an imbecile, repetition without comprehension, psittacism, may prevail; the r61e of visual impressions is null or nearly so among the illiterate; the deaf from birth who have learned to speak have no auditory impressions to intervene. But, normally, it is feelings and ideas that appear in action, in the form of language. (4ii) Henri pieron
The specific neurones necessary for sensation are also necessary for the associative reawakening of that sensation, which is called the image - a dynamic process and not a photographic negative resting miraculously in the nervous substance, where some subtle spirit might go to consult it.
(411) _ HENRI PIERON
It is none the less true that certain cultivated persons can use visual images, and can even use these images in preference to others. (4ii)
Obj edification and visualization are usually not differentiated. The first represents a very undesirable semantic process, whereas the second, visualization, represents one of the most beneficial and efficient forms of human 'thought'. From a point of view, such a lack of differentiation between the two reactions appears as a very serious problem, requiring an analysis of the respective mechanisms.
To visualize, we must have such forms of representation as lend themselves to visualization; otherwise, we must fail. The -system, which could not adequately handle asymmetrical relations, and could not be built explicitly on structure, necessarily involves identification. In the A.period, we were able to visualize objects and a few objective situations, but all the higher abstractions were, in principle, inaccessible to visualization, making scientific theories needlessly difficult. A -system, free from identification, must be based explicitly on structure on all levels (structure defined in terms of relations and ultimately multi-dimensional
*Alice in Wonderland.