SCIENCE AND SANITY - online book

An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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order), which can be easily visualized. It should be recalled that struc-inrr, relations, and multi-dimensional order supply us with a language which completely bridges daily-life experiences with all science, leading toward a general theory of values. Mathematics and mathematical physics then become the representatives and the foundation of all neicnce; and in the human field a general theory of values will lead to adjustment or sanity and will some day include ethics, economics,.
For these reasons, the Structural Differential is uniquely useful, as, at a glance, it conveys to the eye structural differences between the world of the animal, the primitive man, and the infant, which, no matter how complex, is extremely simple in comparison with the world of the 'civilized' adult. The first involves a one-valued orientation which, if applied to the oo-valued facts of life, gives extremely inadequate, wasteful, and ultimately painful adjustment, where only the few strongest survive. The second involves oo-valued orientation, similar in structure to the actual, empirical, oo-valued facts of life, allowing a one-to-one adjustment in evaluation with the facts in each individual case, and producing it semantic flexibility., necessary for adjustment. This flexibility is known to be the foundation for balanced semantic states, 'higher intelligence',.
Visualization requires a definite elimination, through differentiation, of harmful identification, which, as usual, is based on incorrect evaluation of structural issues. Thus, we have had endless, bitter, and futile arguments as to whether or not the 'mechanistic' point of view of the world and ourselves is legitimate, adequate,. The average person, as well as the majority of 'philosophers', identifies 'mechanistic' with 'ma-chinistic'. Roughly, mechanics is a name for a science which deals with dynamic manifestations on all levels; thus, we have macroscopic classical mechanics, colloidal mechanics now being formulated, and the sub-microscopic quantum mechanics already being well-developed disciplines. In the rough, 'machine' is a label applied to a man-made apparatus for the application or transformation of power. But even machines differ greatly; thus, a dynamo is entirely different in principle, in theory, and in applications from a lathe or an automobile.
If we ask: 'Is the machinistic point of view of the world justified?', the answer is simple and undeniable; namely, that this point of view is grossly inadequate and should be entirely abandoned. But it is not so with the mechanistic point of view, understood in its modern sense and including the quantum mechanics point of view, which is entirely structural. In 1933, we know positively that even the gross macroscopic physico-chemical characteristics of everything we are dealing with depend on the sub-microscopic structure (see Part X). The details are