502 VII. THE MECHANISM OF TIME-BINDING
and nurse to his son. The other functions which the father has in patriarchal societies are here performed by the mother's brother. The taboos which apply to the mother in patriarchal societies apply to the sister in such matriarchal societies.
The results are quite interesting. Malinowski found that seemingly similar unconscious semantic mechanisms are at work. But the hostility is toward the uncle, and the excessive attachment is directed toward the sister.
Malinowski concludes that the freudian mechanisms are thus proven. According to the present theory these facts are very important and show clearly that 'sex', as such, has nothing or very little to do with these 'complexes', but that the active unconscious agents appear as semantic and doctrinal. Doctrines and their meanings to the individual, their applications, identifications., make the father in one case, and the uncle in the other, the dreaded . , member of the family. Because of lack of consciousness of abstracting the child reacts to such application of doctrines with some 'complex', or semantic state, based on identification, non-mature evaluation, involving non-mature non-el meanings, in spite of el theories and languages.
Similarly, some spanking or other pain in childhood may later result in a neurosis. A successful analysis can usually trace neuroses back to some such experiences. What did the harm? Was it the burning physical feeling ? Obviously not; for any child has had in its childhood many more painful experiences, and yet no semantic harm has followed. So we must look in another direction, and the elimination of identification or of the confusion of order of abstractions at once offers a solution. The 'spanking' had many factors; some of them were 'physical', some 'mental'. If we consider among the 'mental' factors the objectifications of 'authority', 'hell', 'sin', and other terms of evaluation, these result in fright and other semantic shocks, which ultimately lead to the neurosis. We know from our own experience how little affected we are by an accidental hit. Such a purely physical experience which does not give a * see page xu semantic shock cannot product a neurosis.
It is not difficult to see that an investigation of 'hurts', 'emotional shocks', 'fear', 'fright', 'surprise'., must lead to a more general enquiry into the structure of 'human knowledge', meanings, evaluation, s.r., which must include the structure of science and mathematics.
In the disregard of the stratification of human knowledge, or in identification or the confusion of orders of abstractions, we find an ever-present and abundant semantic source of human suffering, which