522 VII. THE MECHANISM OF TIME-BINDING
Then, perhaps, some of these infantile women will begin to face m.c reality, and so will help to start a new era of human adulthood. Men will always depend in their standards on the wishes of women.
In infantile nations we witness, also, a great deal of exhibitionism, a craze for athletics, clothes, sumptuousness, noisy behaviour, parades, uniforms, 'military academies', military drills,. 'Serious', yet infantile, 'business men' love to parade on the streets dressed up like little boys or circus performers, give themselves some 'mysterious' high-sounding and empty high titles, play with swords which they do not know how to handle,. In international affairs, of course, a nation of a more pronounced infantile semantic tendency will seek to keep away from adult international associations. The attitude of the United States towards the League of Nations and that of Great Britain towards the project of a confederated Europe suggest themselves at once in this connection.
Infantilism has another serious and detrimental connection with race problems; namely, through the sex glands or gonads in their effect upon 'love' and other activities. We should realize and emphasize that the sex glands do not function only as 'sex' glands in the common meaning of the word, but even more as internal secretion glands with an enormous bearing on all life and 'mental' processes; a A, non-el orientation should never forget that.
The various consequences of castration are well known, and need not be repeated here. But the interrelation of the gonads with the thymus and with thyroid glands is of interest to us. The term gonad means reproductive gland, which produces the egg cells or the sperms. The thymus is a term applied to a light pink gland situated in the superior and anterior part of the thorax. It extends up into the roots of the neck and comes close to the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a term applied to a deep red glandular mass consisting of two lobes which lie, one on each side of the upper part of the trachea and lower part of the larynx. In women and children the thymus is relatively larger than in the adult male.
In humans the thymus grows up to the second year of life and then rapidly diminishes, so that only traces of it are found at puberty. In certain cases of arrested development or of general weakness in young people the thymus has been found to be persistent. Castration at an early age leads to the persistence of the thymus gland. Normally, the gland atrophies before the gonads come to maturity and begin to function. In some of the lower mammals the gland does not disappear as early as it does in humans. The thymus of the calf is popularly called the 'chest sweetbread'.17