SCIENCE AND SANITY - online book

An Introduction To Non-aristotelian Systems And General Semantics.

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presented before the local International Non-aristotelian Societies, A pitfalls tndproblems and outlooks. Only after this is done, shall we be able to begin a co-ordination of their findings, and thereby initiate a revised and unified science, mathematics, and perhaps ultimately a saner scientific civilization.
The scientific achievements dealt with in Book III, are developing so rapidly, and the technical points of view alter so often, that on a static printed page it is impossible to do them justice. The writer has spared no efforts to keep informed of these scientific developments until two weeks before the appearance of this book; yet because these new developments do not represent new and fundamental semantic factors, I deliberately do not include them here. In some instances, a given author may seem to change his opinions, but, from a point of view, it sometimes appears that the original notions were more justified, and so I preserved them without change.
The following pages are written exclusively from a semantic point of view, an undertaking which is far more difficult than dealing with a restricted technical physico-mathematical problem, because it involves second order observations, of the first order observations, of the first order observer, and of the relations between them , . When it came to a final revision of the manuscript, and reading of the proofs, I found that dealing with so many varied fields, languages, and symbolisms at one period, was no small task, and I only hope that I have not over-looked too many errors or misprints.
If we must have slogans, a motto readily suggests itself'Scientists of the world unite'. Perhaps this motto may prove more constructive and workable than the familiar A elementalistic slogans which have mostly led to the dismembering of human society. Protests against any misrule should not be confused with the proclaiming of disrupting general principles. Let me repeat once more, that the most lowly manual worker is useful only because of his human nervous system, which produced all science, and which differentiates him from an animal, and not primarily for his hands alone; otherwise we would breed apes to do the world's work.
In the explanations of some geometrical notions, and some parts of the theory of Einstein, I have followed often very closely the Einstein's Theory of Relativity by Max Born, which is easily the best elementary exposition I have read, and also the books of Eddington. In the quantum field I have followed mostly the books by Biggs, Birtwistle, Bocher, Haas, and Sommerfeld, and I wish to acknowledge my indebtedness to the above authors.
I am also under heavy obligations to Professors E. T. Bell, P. W. Bridgman, B. F. Dostal, R. J. Kennedy, and G. Y. Rainich, who were so kind as to read the MS. and/or proofs, and whose criticism and suggestions were invaluable to me. However, I assume entire responsibility for the following pages, especially since I have not always followed the suggestions made.