ART PRINCIPLES IN PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY
B-C, duplicated. D-E stands the same test. A study of inverted photographs is to be recommended highly for the purpose of minimizing the personal element and emphasizing the abstract quality of lines and spaces. In Fig. 62 we find that each space on one side has its exact duplicate upon the other. The shapes of spaces in Fig. 63 offer a refreshing variety. The area of the space A is large and irregular, B is not like D, nor is C similar, while E differs from all the others. This test shows our picture plan to have undergone a great improvement.
Returning to a consideration of our photograph, we find that in Fig. 58 there is present such a maze of detail, such a conglomeration of smaller lines, that the effectiveness of the structural lines is reduced. Moreover, no mere pose will satisfy our longing for completeness of pictorial expression. In this print the impression made upon us is that we have in some sense a caged man. Certainly the largeness of his personality is not embodied in the representation.
In Fig. 59 a suppression of the annoying details is partially effected and they are made even less trouble some by a balancing feature thrown into the back ground, - the vertical line and tone extending from the shoulder to the upper frame. Notice how it has promoted variety in the spacings. The man seems
more natural, we come into nearer relationship with