Art Principles In Portrait Photography

How to Apply the Highest Classic Artistic Principles to your Photography.

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T HE minute analysis of what constitutes the dif ference between "light and dark" and "light and shade" is necessary for two reasons. First, if pictorial art in our country is ever to attain to that development that is the very flower of European civilization the young must be taught to understand it and not judge it from decorative standards only. Second, photog raphy emerging from science into pictorial art should be supplied with principles unmistakable and direct. A wide-spread re-awakened interest in the Arts and Crafts has resulted in the upbuilding of several systems for teaching composition in which the decorative prin ciple is made to dominate in all representation. Pic torial art thereby suffers misinterpretation. The Arts and Crafts movement was revived by William Mor ris, who in turn had been stimulated by the writings of John Ruskin. Morris's ideas were mediaeval and Gothic. Followers of this movement abroad and in our own country came later under the spell of Japanese art and were fascinated by the beauty resulting from its pure decorative quality. Its influence soon began