I T has been the aim of all photographers to bring about pictorial quality in their work through the agency of lighting.
We have learned in our analysis of the pictures in this book that the true sphere of lighting is the model ling of form, that, however effective lighting may be made, it alone does not bring the representation be yond the imitation of nature. Considering lighting as understood by the profession, we find that many systems have been invented, advertised, and practised without bringing a clarified view of the subject to the worker or satisfying him as to the results of his efforts.
Some of these systems have rested upon minute directions as to studio fixtures, the angle of sky-light, the exact placing of the sitter, and the relative position of the camera.
It may be seen that such systems would tend to make all photographs alike, - an end which if attained must bring portrait-photography into disfavor because of the weariness of repetition. Individuality in man