The Cure of Imperfect Sight by Treatment
Without Glasses - online book

The Original Bates Method, for correcting vision defects

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M UCH of my information about the eyes has been obtained by means of simultaneous reti-noscopy. The retinoscope is an instrument used to measure the refraction of the eye. It throws a beam of light into the pupil by reflection from a mirror, the light being either outside the instrument-above and behind the subject-or arranged within it by means of an electric battery. On looking through the sight-hole one sees a larger or smaller part of the pupil filled with light, which in normal human eyes is a reddish yellow, because this is the color of the retina, but which is green in a cat's eye, and might be white if the retina were diseased. Unless the eye is exactly focussed at the point from which it is being observed, one sees also a dark shadow at the edge of the pupil, and it is the behavior of this shadow when the mirror is moved in various directions which reveals the refractive condition of the eye. If the instrument is used at a distance of six feet or more, and the shadow moves in a direction opposite to the move ment of the mirror, the eye is myopic. If it moves in the same direction as the mirror, the eye is either hyper metropic or normal; but in the case of hypermetropia the movement is more pronounced than in that of nor mality, and an expert can usually tell the difference be tween the two states merely by the nature of the move-