New Bearings in Esthetics and Art Criticism

A Study in Semantics and Evaluation

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INDEX
171
trasted with volitional definitions, i6ff; illustrated, 2gff; pernicious nature of, g6f
Reality, inability of language to reveal, 1 if
Referent, 6ff, 46f
Referential language, 45, 708:, nof
Reid, J. R., i2n, 15, 57, iogn5 nsn, i22n, 123, i27n
------------L. A., 5gn, 86n
Relativism, accepts diverse esthetic theories, 22; distinguished from objectivism and subjectivism, 120, 141, 145, 153; explained, i25ff
Rembrandt, 66, 74, 100, 118, 147, 150
Renaissance criticism and esthetics, 101, i04f
Reni, Guido, 98
Renoir, 152
Reynolds, Sir Joshua, g8f, 1071*, 122
Ribalta, 56
Richards, I. A., vii, 4, 7n, 9, 11, 14 and n, i5n, 18, 19, 23, 27n, 28, $on, 40n, 45, 47n, 5on, 52, 60, 64, 6gn, 7off, 11m, 123, 146, i49n
Riemann, 139
Roberts, Michael, 2gn
Roelas, 56
Rousseau, Henri, 62
------------J. J-> 139
Rowley, George, 136a Rubens, 74, 75 and n, 77, 80, 94, 152 Ruskin, 55n, 95, 101, 105, 129 Russell, Bertrand, 8, i3n, 53, 71, 78,
n8n Ruysdael, 99
Saintsbury, George, 1, 98n Santayana, George, ion, 23, 24 and
n, i32f Sargeant, J. S., 81 Schelling, 68
Schneider, Elisabeth, 27n, n8n Schoen, Max, 2 m, 25 Schumann, 139
Semantics, diversity in meanings of term, 3; objection to, 3f; organic approach to, 3, 10, 13, 35, 73. See also Emotive language; Ontologi-cal problems
Sessions, Roger, 7n
Seurat, 81
Shawcross, J., 115
Shelley, 76, 100
Sherrington, Sir Charles, i8n
Signac, 81
Signorelli, 94
Signs, 4f
Socrates, 39
Spengler, 23, 102
Stace, W. T., 40ft, 51, 57s, 66, g^t g6n
Standards in criticism, objectivism 93; subjectivist, 12iff; relativist, 127S
Stauffer, D. A., 8on
Steegmann, John, 98n
Stein, Gertrude, 45
-----------Leo, loon
Subjectivism, not the sole alternative to objectivism, 98, 118; similarity to objectivism, 12if; challenged, i22ff. See also Relativism, passim
Sung Chinese, 136
Symbols, 4ft, &$
Taine, 99
Temple of Athena Nike, 82 Theories of art, diversity of, 22!; moralistic, 133^ 142; formalistic,
134. *4*
Tibaldi, 99
Tintoretto, 101 and n
Tolstoy, 23, 42, 95, 128, 131
Toynbee, A. J., losn
Truth as artistic insight, contrasted with truth as sincerity, 66f; and intuitive knowledge, 68; and emotive discourse, 7off; and "willing suspension of disbelief," 748:; contrasted with artistic significance, 82; distinguished from truth as corres-