The Humanity Of Words - online book

A Primer Of Semantics

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44                    THE HUMANITY OF WORDS
Such terms as "beauty," "freedom," "liberty," "loyalty," "principles," "faith," "value," "the State," "industrious," "important," "approved," etc., are not symbols because they are (to use the words of Ogden and Richards) "complicated by emotional, diplomatic, and other disturbances." Such terms come under the classification of "emotiv^ language." As such, they are not relevant to the new science of symbolism.
This distinction between symbolic and emotive language is not intended by these authors to depreciate emotive language. Emotive language is conceded by Ogden and Richards to have its usefulness in the communication process. It may be used, they say, to evoke desired attitudes in others or to incite others to action of one kind or another. But emotive language has no place in the new science of symbolism.
Ogden and Richards are interested only in the correspondence of words and thoughts and things, and the language of science is set up as the exemplar of their theories. In the language of science, the words refer specifically and definitely and accurately to things, and this without the intrusion of the reporter's attitudes. A reporter doesn't say It's hot today. He says The temperature is ninety degrees according to that thermometer. The language of science is symbolic language at its best.
As we proceed, it will become apparent that even though the science of symbolism of Ogden and Richards excludes that area of semantics which concerns the attitudes, etc. of the individual, it has, nevertheless, practical applications to everyday communication.