OGDEN AND RICHARDS 67
son without loyalties, Murphy suggests, has no point of anchorage. He would have to make every decision that involves human beings afresh. But why should we not search out the references that underlie our loyalties? We could then ask, as Galsworthy did Where do our loyalties end and our prejudices begin?
A prejudice is a pre-judgment. And a pre-judgment is a closed judgmentone that is staticwithout change inside the head.
I am reminded of an article I read in The Saturday Review about "the gentle prejudiced people." These gentle ones have "beautiful minds." They "think good thoughts." They "believe" in "justice" for allregardless of race, color, or creed. Their "faith" is in "brotherly love." Their gaze is turned inward, for if, by chance, they should look outward, their "beliefs" would have to meet the test of deeds. For this, they have no stomach. It is easier to turn the backand commune piously with the self.
Here are thoughts and feelings that go round and round and confine us like a coil.
Loyalties, like opinions, should be kept open-end and referred, from time to time, to the changing world of people and things.
Loyalties can be kept open-end by asking these questions:
Loyalty to what?
In connection with whom?
The answers to these questions must be stated as symbols, and the symbols will, of course, be impersonal and subject to verification. For this, we must forsake the never-never