The Humanity Of Words - online book

A Primer Of Semantics

Home | About | Philosphy | Contact | Search




OGDEN AND RICHARDS                          73
Here the major premise, "All widows are manhunters," is nonsense. The conclusion, "Jane is a manhunter" must therefore, also be nonsensical, even though it is logically valid.
Ogden and Richards state that consistency within a verbal system is not enough. The verbal system must be referred to $omething(s) in the world.
For Ogden and Richards, when a reference is true, that reference is also logical.
Notice the fine points here:
Truth is limited to matching references and referents.
Logic is concerned with matching references and referents. When a reference matches a referent, it is both true and logical.
The description of the house is a complex reference because it refers to several related referents. In a simple reference, the simple reference matches the simple referent. But in a complex reference, the complex reference matches the complex referent. In other words, it is necessary, in the complex reference, to match a series of connected statements (of fact) with a series of connected objects.
Ogden and Richards speak of "uniting relations" to refer to connections in what they call the "psychological context." The psychological context is, of course, the reference.
These authors speak of "uniting relations" also to refer to connections in what they call the "physical context." The physical context is, of course, the referent.
The important thing in the science of symbolism is to have matching psychological and physical contexts. This means, of