The Humanity Of Words - online book

A Primer Of Semantics

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124                THE HUMANITY OF WORDS
Korzybski makes two points that every user of words who wants to be understood will bear in mind.
1. A verbal "map" should be similar in structure to the "territory'* it is intended to represent.
2. When two things (a verbal "map" and an actual "territory," for instance) have their structure in common, they have all their "logical" characteristics in common.
Ogden and Richards say very much the same thing, though the "territory" they discuss is limited to one area of experience. Ogden and Richards, as you will recall, say that when a reference (a thought symbolized in words) hangs together in the same way a referent (something in the outside world) hangs together, we have a true and logical statement.
Look at this map:
Without a single word, this map "represents" the actual territory. You recognize it. Why?
Not one of us has had a god's-eye view of the territory-