as-a-whole, to be sure. But most of us have had firsthand experience with some areas of the territory; and all of us with a particular area of the territory. For us, these lines-put together in a particular arrangementrepresent the territory that is known to us as the United States. For us, the structure of the map is like that of the structure of the actual territory. The map hangs together in the way the actual territory hangs together.
So, also, with a verbal map. If the structure of the verbal map accurately represents the structure of what it is intended to stand for, we "recognize" It. We understand it. This means that if we can make verbal patterns that refer us to actual patterns in the world, people understand us. Part Five, which is concerned with a field theory of communication, will explain the method of making verbal patterns. But, for this, we must await, also, Morris's explication, in Part Four, of the uses of language which gives us the semantic apparatus necessary to the making of verbal patterns.
We are concerned now with Korzybski and what he has to offer. Korzybski makes two very important points:
1. A verbal map may give us an accurate description of something that exists. If a verbal map tells us that Denver is between Chicago and Los Angeles, the verbal map is correct. The elements and the relationship between the elements of the verbal map correspond with elements and relationship in the actual territory.26
2. A verbal map is as good as the predictability it provides. How does it work? An accurate verbal map of Route 41 from Chicago to Miami provides a high degree of pre-
26 In the language of Ogden and Richards the verbal linkage matches the actual linkage; and, in this instance, the linkagethe "uniting relation"is spatial.