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A Primer Of Semantics

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MORRIS                                    I59
have happened or that may happen. And this procedure reverts again to designators.
What Morris is saying here is precisely what Korzybski says when he recommends that high level abstractions be referred to the descriptive level of words that Is closest to the un-speakable level of objective experience.
Find designatorsand preferably designators that denote to concretize the big words.
37. The misuses of language: The pitfall of
OVER-GENERALIZATION
To generalize Is to say something that applies more than once. And it is too easytoo seductive, Morris saysto move from "this" to "some" to "most" to "all." The reason for this Is that we over-generalize to strengthen an argument. If we want to enlist high-school graduates into the nursing profession, It weakens the persuasion to say anything less than that "all" nurses make a comfortable living and that "all" nurses have their pick of wealthy patients or poor but handsome interns. "Some" is much less imposing; "a few" hardly an argument at all. So it is quite natural to use over-generalization to make a point.
Again, we find Morris's antidote In the uses and modes of language. And again, it seems that his very terminology Is suggestive and helpful.
It is difficult to make a generalization that is all-inclusive on the informative level. Try It yourself and see. What can you say about all men? All men are male humans within a certain age group. That will pass. But what else can we say? All men are mortal? Yes, this is a sound generaliza-