A FIELD THEORY OF COMMUNICATION 187
want to be a teacher, and I intend to go on to teachers college after I graduate from high school.
Notice that the speaker used time wordswhen, now, after, etc.to bind her statements together. Notice, also, that the statements follow an orderly time sequence. This narration can best be set up, therefore, as a time pattern with these formators: Before the professional engagement; during the professional engagement; after the professional engagement. The key terms of this working-title are time words: before, during, and after. Here, again we have arrangement without regard for the intrinsic nature of the separate elements. Here we have order. Here we have progression. And the cohesiveness between the separate parts is established by time. To say this another way, the principle of organization is time.
If this girl told that story a hundred times, she would probably follow precisely the same time sequence. She would never use the same words twice, and yet she would have no fear of forgetting. She would never need to worry about what comes next. And yet she told me that she was not aware of the fact that her narration had taken the form of a time sequence.
If the girl had planned her talk, she might have sat down at her desk and set up the complete pattern like this:
Working-title: Before, during, after professional engagement
1. Before professional engagement
a) Before grammar school
b) Grammar school
c) High school
d) Christmas holiday