The Humanity Of Words - online book

A Primer Of Semantics

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This is a closed sectional pattern if the scope is completely covered by the two mutually exclusive parts. If more possibilities are available (Px or P2 or P3, for example) this sectional pattern is open. The minor parts are, however, in each case closed, since analysis and evaluation make a place for everything that can be said before decision. Under analysis, the communicator will use designators; under evaluation, appraisors.
The major parts of a disjunctive sectional pattern are mutually exclusive. The characterizing term here is "or"
E. Analogical sectional pattern
When we speak of an analogy between two things, operations, relations, etc., we indicate by that term that there are similarities between the two things described but that there are, also, differences. It is obvious, therefore, that an analogical pattern is useful in comparisons of things, processes, relations, etc. When Pamie, at the age of four, turned to Jill and said, "Grandma's hands make wonderful spoons" she was making an analogical pattern, without any awareness, of course, of her semantic skill. Grandma's hands were like spoons, but were, of course, quite differ-ent.
When Pamie gets to high school, she will probably set up analogical patterns on the conscious level. She may then, for example, set up formators in the following pattern:
Working-title: Similarities in man and ape; differences in man and ape