214 THE HUMANITY OF WORDS
c) Possible extension of practice (1) Large groups
Analysis requires the determination of the principle of organization that binds the parts together. In this case, both major and minor parts are closed sectional in form. Evaluation requires an investigation of the modes of signifying of the formators. The major formators are in the designative mode; thus the primary purpose of the author is to inform. In the minor parts, the writer moves from designators to appraisors and (in Part 2) to prescriptors. His secondary purposes are, therefore, to evoke an attitude response and an action response in the reader. However the reader responds, this response should follow, and not precede, the analysis and evaluation of the work.
How does the reader know that he has extracted the correct pattern? The working-title (and, hence, the pattern as a whole) must make a place for everything in the article. The pattern must, in other words, be inclusive. The formators must also represent the arrangement of the elements of the author's thinking, without regard for the intrinsic nature of the elements.
When the structureelements and relationship between elementsof the verbal pattern is congruent with that of the article, both have all their logical characteristics in common.4®
When the primary purpose of a writer is to inform, he usually takes pains, as Rogers did, to make a readily perceptible verbal pattern. He is likely to indicate at the outset what he expects to cover, to indicate clearly the
40 This h the difference between what has, over the years, been called an "outline" and what we refer to as a "pattern." The outline may be a summary of elements. The pattern is a summary of elements, but one in which the relationship between the elements is of equal importance.