A FIELD THEORY OF COMMUNICATION 2ig
in the language I have used? Does the work hang together because of its consistent (implicit or explicit) reference to those values?
(3) Writing which aims primarily to communicate an idea or ideal as an aesthetic experience, both for the writer and the recipient
In his Principles of Literary Criticism (1928), I. A. Richards says:
The artist is concerned with the record and perpetuation of the experiences which seem to him most worth having ... He is the point at which the growth of the mind shows itself. His experiences . . . represent conciliations of impulses which in most minds are still confused, intertrammelled and conflicting. His work is the ordering of what in most minds is disordered . . . But when he succeeds, the value of what he has accomplished is found always in a more perfect organization which makes more of the possibilities of response and activity available, (page 61)
The problem ... of how we are to obtain the greatest possible value from life . . . becomes a problem of organization, both in the individual life and in the adjustment of individual lives to one another... (page 58)
Richards associates value with art and art with form. It is the function of the artist to create and transmit form, and his genius lies in the "supreme communicability" of form. When the writer intends to transmit form as an aesthetic experience, his purpose is that of the artist. He would contribute only to that human value which is concerned with "a more perfect organization."
A work of art communicates an idea or an ideal as an