220 THE HUMANITY OF WORDS
organismictotalexperience. For the artist and for the recipient this experience "is apt to be," as Susanne K. Langer suggests in her Philosophy in a New Key (1942), "something much deeper than any intellectual experience . . ." (page 260) But semantics is concerned with the communication of ideas and ideals on the conscious level and is, therefore, not suitable to the analysis and evaluation of a written work of art. When, however, a writer is concerned with form on the conscious level, semantics may be a valuable critical tool. For to be concerned with form on the conscious level is to be concerned with the systemic use of language for which the appropriate mode of signifying is the use of formators.
Writing to inform may be called primarily formative-desig-native; writing to persuade may be called primarily appraisive-prescriptive; and writing to transmit form as aesthetic experience may be called systemic in inspiration and formative in its effects upon human experience.
47. Field theory applied to the speaking-listening transaction
We come again to the statement which sets field theory of communication apart from others:
Communication is a circular and not a linear process.
We cannot discuss speaking as an isolated phenomenon; we cannot discuss listening as an isolated phenomenon. Cross organization between the communicator and the relevant environment is a transactiona crossing-over between at least two people. This section is concerned only with ways in which to facilitate the verbal crossing-over in the interest of goal-seeking behavior.