THE PHYSICAL PHENOMENA OF SPIRITISM. 281
specific knowledge to enable an appropriate reply to be framed.
Each of these five letters received a reply which assumed that its writer was a denizen of the spirit-land. There was no difference in their replies so far as that was concerned.
The sixth letter was addressed to a deceased relative, and was as follows, omitting names :
Dear A. B., Whom did you desire to have appointed administrator of your estate ? (Signed) CD.
To this letter the only reply was from the medium's "control," who reported as follows:
" A. B. is here, but cannot communicate to-day."
The conclusions which are inevitable may be summed as follows:
1. The slate-writing was done without physical contact with the pencil, either by the medium or any one else. It all occurred in broad daylight. The slates were not handled by the medium, except to wash them and to place his hands upon them (in all cases but one) while the writing was going on. The slates were not for an instant out of sight of the sitter during the whole stance, nor were they out of his custody during that time, after they were washed by the medium. They were then carefully inspected by the sitter, the pencil was placed between them by the sitter, they were tied together by the sitter, and opened by him after the writing was finished. In short, there was no chance for fraud or legerdemain, and there was none.
2. The power which moved the pencil, being clearly not physical, must have been occult. This occult power was either that of disembodied spirits, or that of the medium. Did it proceed from disembodied spirits? Let us see. The replies to the five letters emanated from the same source; that is to say, if the replies to any oi them were from disembodied spirits, they were all from disembodied spirits. They were clearly not all from disembodied spirits, for two of the letters were addressed to