air. The most usual method of mounting enlargements is on cloth or canvas, and the directions given by the Eastman Company for this purpose will be found quite satisfactory. For mounting upon cards it is best to allow the print to dry thoroughly, then place it face downwards upon a sheet of clean paper, and apply freshly made starch paste, not too stiff, with a brush, and rub into contact with a soft cloth, or use a roller squeegee. Enlarge-ments should always be mounted behind a cut-out mount, and a small gold edging of frominch or more, according to the
size, adds to the appearance ; and toned, grey, or buff mounts show up well. The smoother varieties of bromide paper may be both rolled and burnished, but the rough-surfaced papers, which are the more artistic, should not be either rolled or burnished. For burnishing, dry Castile soap should be used, or else an alcoholic solution of soap made as follows; but care must be exercised in the use of the latter, or stains may ensue : -
Curd soap ... ... ... ... ... I oz.
Shave the soap finely, rub up with a little water, and heat till dissolved, adding only as much water as is absolutely necessary to dissolve the soap. This solution is then added gradually to 32 ozs. of methylated spirit, well shaken and filtered A pad of linen or cotton wool is soaked with the solution and rubbed over the dry print, which is ready for burnishing when the alcohol has evaporated. Retouching may be effected by means of a lead pencil, or preferably by a mixture of pow-dered graphite and crayon, a suitable kind of the latter being Conte-crayon No. 1, the touches being afterwards worked up with a stump. For the shadows Conte-crayon No. 3 should be used, whilst for the high lights and half tones a harder crayon, such as No. o or No. 1, will be found useful. Special pencils are made for. retouching bromide prints and enlargements, which will be found to answer every requirement. Small defects, such as pro-duced by pinholes in the negative, if they occur in a high light or otherwise white place, may be eradicated by scratching out with a lancet or other sharp-pointed knife, or a needle mounted in a penholder. Enlargements on rough-surface paper are specially suitable for colouring with pastels or crayons, water colours, and oil colours, by means of the air brush, etc.; but this