The Dictionary Of Photography

A True Historic Record Of The Art & Practice Of Photography 100 Years Ago.

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Camera and Camera Stand
7toii tanquam pictor, sed tanquam mathematicus. Kepler then described his little black tent fitted with a convex lens, and how, when in the tent, he could trace natural objects with a pen. The box camera, fitted with reflector to erect image, and telephoto-combination, having an adjustable negative lens, is described by Zahn in his Oculus Artificialis tele-dioptricus, the first edition of which appeared at Wi'irzberg in 1685.
The earliest Daguerreotype cameras (1839), were plain boxes which had to be taken whole into the dark room. Then came the dark slide, and soon after the introduction of the Talbotype (or Calotype) in 1844, attempts were made to construct light and portable forms of camera for tourists. The first were made with folding bodies of wood, but soon lighter bodies were formed of a stretched bag of textile material or a light bellows. The Kinnear
Fig. 17.
Folding Camera of i860 shown - open and closed - by fig. 17, marks a period.
About 1880, Mr. Walter B. Woodbury introduced a form of camera, all parts of which folded compactly into a dust-proof box. This camera, shown by fig. 18, is epoch marking as being an original conception, from which many details have been borrowed by more recent designers, although this form as a whole has been strangely neglected, considering its con-venience to the tourist, and the security it offers against dust or breakage.
The roller slide, which in the early days of photography was a separate part, is now usually incorporated with and inseparable from the camera. It is interesting to note that Captain Barr's daylight changing system, which involves a safety strip of black material at the end of the roll, has now become almost universal. The chief essentials of the hand camera are indicated in the