The Dictionary Of Photography

A True Historic Record Of The Art & Practice Of Photography 100 Years Ago.

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Camera and Camera Stand
article Detective or Hand Camera, while Panoramic and other cameras are described under special headings.
For copying or studio purposes it is usual to build cameras very solidly, and a long focussing-screw, controlled by a winch handle at the screen end is a very usual thing, but, occasionally, rack and pinion focussing is preferred.
Tripods and Supports. The early Daguerreotype cameras were simply placed upon a shelf or table ; occasionally upon a pedestal support. Out-door photography gave rise to the tripod, first with legs of unalterable length ; but in the sixties very many unsatisfactory and infirm folding tripods were devised, the folding being for portability in travelling. It was soon recognised that
Fig. 18.
the tourist needs telescopic or sliding legs rather than folding legs, as with sliding legs not only can the height be adjusted, but the tripod can be set firmly on steps or the side of a hill. In modern tripod making there has been a steady tendency to replace wood, which is so liable to swell and become unmanage-able when exposed to damp, by well-planned constructions in thin sheet metal. As an example of an up-to-date tripod we may call attention to fig. 19. The " Perfecto," of Messrs. Rosenberg, concerning which The Amateur Photographer of January 23rd, 1902, says : - " It is made throughout of tempered sheet steel, without any wood parts or varnished portions to wear or become sticky. The legs are telescopic, but not cylindrical, their shape ensuring the joints easily sliding when clamping screw is in use, and yet securely gripping when screwed up. Each leg