The Dictionary Of Photography

A True Historic Record Of The Art & Practice Of Photography 100 Years Ago.

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Portraiture
Game of Chess" ? Here there is an excellent chance for a group ; "two persons playing chess, one leaning back looking rather pleased, the other leaning over the board "with bent brow and eye intent," whilst behind a third may stand smiling at the triumphant player. Call this " A Poser " or " In a Fix," what you please, only whatever you do carry the thing out properly. Place the chess men in a difficult position - not as we saw them a week or two back in a picture, a chess board without a single piece lost; not that we mean to infer difficult situations do not occur then, but they are more likely to at the end of a game. Then again, for a group of four, what is better than a scientific rubber of whist ? Here, too, put your accessories in ; the markers, the second pack, the played cards in the middle of the table, the tricks won, etc. We may possibly make the title tell the tale ; for instance, " The call for trumps." Or again, let one party be scoring, the other counting the tricks - " Two by tricks and honours easy "; of a more difficult subject still, " Trumped my ace, by gad, sir !" Surely this recalls the choleric, stout old gentleman, rising in hot haste, his hand flung down, the chair upset behind him, whilst the luckless wight who has been unfortunate enough to " trump my ace," stares in shivering astonishment at his wrathful partner and triumphant opponents, one of whom leans back enjoying the joke with a rude guffaw, the other calmly smiling at the wretched culprit. We might go on giving our readers hints without end, but must content our-selves by impressing on them the importance of having every-thing in harmony. Give your sitters something to do or hold that they are in the habit of using, and they'll immediately fall into natural attitudes ; but give a man a violin or something he knows nothing about, and he will immediately look as though it was some strange thing, and nothing you can do will prevent it. We have considered briefly the single figure, and noted a possible chance of a group indoors. We have now to consider some general principles to be observed in outdoor portraiture. There is one background which is very common and is by no means artistic, that is a trellis work, sometimes partially covered with ivy, jessamine, or Virginia creeper, which is too often sufficiently thrown out of focus to make the interstices of the trellis round, patchy spots, which attract the eye before the figure or face. Ivy, Virginia creeper, or any other plant or a shrub may form a
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