* 16 PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
three thousand cases it was found that the child who is always surrounded by people fails to develop both the feeling of personal security and the capacity to use his own resources. Familiar contact with the more intimate aspects of adult life interferes with the formation of ideals and leads to premature cynicism. Sexual activities come to be regarded as purely physical relationships, lacking any romantic or idealistic components. The necessity of submerging self in daily associations leads to tension, restlessness and irritability.178
A few generations ago parents aimed at being models for their children and went to extremes in their insistence that parental standards be maintained. Later the tendency was for parents to be guided more by the wishes and impulses of the children. To-day neither parents nor offspring appear to be unduly concerned about each other. In a certain proportion of the general population immediate and unconventional gratification of desire has become the social code, with the result that the adolescent has become the adult without going through the intervening experiences that society formerly required. Too often, as Dr. Henry94 (p. 10) observes, the life of a young person is little more than a search for some new and more potent stimulus to pleasure. In this state of up-to-date hedonism the incidence of mental illness is the highest in the history of mankind.
Turning from these general factors and their influence on health and disease, we now come to a consideration of those peculiar to the individual. The co-ordination of physiological and psychological processes is effected by two principal means, the first of which is the nervous system, whose operation is the basis of all learning, a fact which makes it fundamental to the processes of adjustment; and the second is the endocrine glands which supply the energy for the organism leading to