PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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I
HEALTH AND DISEASE
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This condition is not uncommon, the ' fat boy ' familiar in every school presenting the typical picture. The fat is usually deposited around the hips and chest in a characteristic manner, giving some assistance to a physician in recognizing the disorder. Since youngsters suffering from this disease are fat, weak and ' sissy', they are often subjected to persecution from their fellows and develop secondary defence mechanisms.
There is some disagreement as to the direct effects on personality of abnormalities of the pituitary gland. Excessive sleepiness, occasionally amounting to stupor, has been reported as a result of pituitary deficiency. A marked tendency to behaviour problems of various sorts among children with pituitary disorders has been found. Of a group of 104 children presenting conduct problems, two-thirds showed evidence of endocrine disorders, the pituitary being blamed in a majority of cases.197 On the other hand, many definite cases of glandular disorder show no specific difficulties of adjustment.
The adrenal glands are two small caps located on the tops of the kidneys. Each consists of two distinct parts, the adrenal medulla or centre layers of cells and the adrenal cortex which is the more superficial part. The two portions secrete distinct hormones. The secretion of the adrenal medulla has been known for a long time and is termed adrenalin. This is the substance secreted in states of fear, rage and intense pain. The adrenalin serves to reinforce the action of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system, it increases the sugar supply in the blood, stops digestion and causes the blood to flow to the outer limbs, increases the heart beat and the rate of breathing. All this is useful as a preparation for attack or escape. Further, it leads to increased secretion of haemal, the substance which causes the blood to coagulate and so stop the bleeding of a wound,