32 PSYCHOTHERAPY: SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
faith in the future of the human race ; not a hope that by manipulating their bodies and their environment they could increase the sum of happiness. Their insight went much deeper than that. God was good and therefore His purpose for humanity was good and must be fulfilled. The sin which was the basis of suffering would be cancelled, harmony between God and man would be restored, and an era of joy would be ushered in, when the earth should be ' filled with the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea ' (Is. xi, 9). All this was a deduction from the conviction that the God Who created the world must be a God of love, and must therefore champion His own handiwork, bringing to pass by His own power a perfect salvation (wholeness) in which all nations should rejoice.
The Hebrews clung with unwearied grasp to both heaven and earth because they held with unrelaxed faith to their intuition that God was good, and in this environment Christ was born. Jesus, as far as He is known, built upon this faith of which He was the most perfect flower. This He did, not by taking over uncritically all the details with which the luxurious imaginations of His predecessors had clothed their beliefs, but by completely reconstructing faith and ethics upon the same argument, but with a loftier and clearer conception of its meaning. His conviction that God cared for body as well as for spirit, and that the two were very intimately bound up with each other is shown by His cry on the Cross, for when His physical powers were leaving Him He felt that in some way God had failed Him. It is thus plain that He did not, like the ascetics, hope to obtain spiritual salvation by the mortification of the body. Nor did He think that the torturing of His body would bring Him nearer to God ; that cry could never have issued from the lips of